Definition

Tricuspid Valve Disease reduces the quantity of blood flowing to the right ventricle and will decrease the performance of one’s heart.

Description

The tricuspid valve is just one of four valves that control the direction and flow of blood in and outside of the heart.

When the valve is narrowed (stenosed), it becomes hard to get a sufficient quantity of blood to maneuver through the best heart chambers with each beat. When the valve doesn’t close properly, some blood flowing into the ventricle flows back to the atrium with each beat. This state is called regurgitation or insufficiency. In both instances, the heart must work harder to pump a sufficient quantity of blood.

Tricuspid valve disorders, which are uncommon, frequently happen together with several other heart valve problems, especially with mitral valve illnesses.

As in other forms of valve disease, tricuspid illnesses also raise the risk of endocarditis.

Several forms of tricuspid valve disorder exist, including:

  • Tricuspid valve regurgitation. In this state, the tricuspid valve doesn’t shut correctly and blood flows back in your heart’s upper right chamber (right atrium).
  • Tricuspid valve stenosis. In this state, the tricuspid valve is narrowed, reducing the level of blood that will flow through it in the right atrium to the right ventricle.
  • Tricuspid atresia. This condition is present from birth. The solid wall of tissues block the blood circulation between the right chambers of the heart.
  • Ebstein’s anomaly. Ebstein’s anomaly is a condition where a malformed tricuspid valve sits lower than normal in the right ventricle, causing blood to flow back into the right atrium (tricuspid regurgitation).

Causes of Tricuspid Valve Disease

  • Illness, including rheumatic fever or infective endocarditis
  • Less common causes include congenital defects, injury, carcinoid heart disease, tumour, tricuspid valve prolapse, Ebstein’s anomaly, systemic lupus, and injury.
  • Tricuspid valve disorder, if caused by rheumatic fever, is frequently coupled with mitral and/or aortic valve disorder.

Symptoms of Tricuspid Valve Disease

Tricuspid valve disorder might be taken for quite a long time with no symptoms.
Symptoms could contain:

  • Readily tired (fatigue)
  • A fluttering distress in the neck
  • With serious disorder, heart failure symptoms (right stomach pain, shortness of breath, swelling in the legs or abdomen, chilly skin)

 

How is tricuspid valve disorder diagnosed?

Tricuspid valve disorder may first be diagnosed within a physical examination. The physician will generally hear a murmur (abnormal the flow of blood through the valve). Other signals your physician may discover are an unusual heartbeat and also a fluttering or unusual pulsation in your neck (jugular vein).

Evaluations used to diagnose valve disorder can contain:

  • Electrocardiography (ECG)
  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiography
  • Transesophageal echocardiography
  • Cardiac Catheterization (cardiac cath or angiogram)
  • Radionuclide scans
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

 

How can it be treated?

Medical Direction

  • Your physician may wish to keep an eye on the development of your valve disorder with routine appointments. If your physician feels you have to be followed more closely, they might be spaced once annually or more frequently.
  • Your appointment should include a health exam.
  • Diagnostic studies could be repeated at regular time intervals.
  • Your doctor may prescribe medicines to care for your symptoms.
  • These medicines might contain drugs to take care of heart failure or medicines to control irregular heart rhythms.

Surgical Direction

Tricuspid Valve Repair

When valve disorder is serious, it might be required to fix or replace the diseased valve. Tricuspid valve repair utilizing an annuloplasty ring is the preferred surgical strategy for tricuspid regurgitation and can be done for primary tricuspid disorder or for combined instances with several other valve operation (mitral, aortic). A valve replacing will soon be done, when the valve can’t be fixed. Locate more details about tricuspid valve operation.

Endocarditis prevention

If you’ve got tricuspid valve disorder, you’re at an increased risk for getting endocarditis, an illness which causes injury to the heart valves (even in the event your valve is mended or replaced with operation).

  • Tell your physicians and dentist you’ve got valve disorder. You may choose to carry a card with these details.
  • Call your physician when you have symptoms of an illness (sore throat, general body achiness, and temperature). Flus and colds don’t cause endocarditis. But, illnesses, which may possess the same symptoms, do.
  • Take great care of your own teeth and gums to stop illnesses. See your dentist for routine visits.

Take antibiotics before you get any procedure that may lead to bleeding:

  • any dental work (even a fundamental teeth cleaning)
  • invasive evaluations
  • most major or minor surgery

Check with your physician concerning the kind and quantity of antibiotics you must take. Locate more details about Bacterial Endocarditis prevention.